How Many Days Until Al-HijraMuharram
December 2023

How Long Until Al-Hijra/Muharram – Calculate From Monday, December 4th 2023

The History of Al-Hijra/Muharram: A Time of Reflection and Renewal

Muslims worldwide revere Al-Hijra/Muharram, the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar. This holy month marks the Prophet Muhammad’s migration (Al-Hijra) from Mecca to Medina, starting the Islamic calendar. 

Al-Hijra/Muharram is a season of introspection and faith renewal. It allows Muslims to reconnect with their spirituality, honour the early Muslim community, and pray for a blessed year.

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Historical Significance

The Migration (Al-Hijra)

In 622 CE, Muhammad and his companions moved from Mecca to Medina, a significant event in Islamic history. The Prophet and his followers fled Mecca to Medina, where they founded Islam. 

This migration saved the Muslim community, started a new age, and spread Islam across the Arabian Peninsula.

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Here Are Some Interesting Facts And The Historical Significance Of This Date

The Battle of Karbala

Al-Hijra/Muharram is remembered for the disastrous Battle of Karbala in 680 CE. Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad, and his devoted followers died in this battle against the Umayyad caliphate. 

Muslims, especially Shi’as, mourn Imam Hussein’s suffering and sacrifice during Muharram.

The Importance of Ashura

Muslims revere Ashura, the 10th of Muharram. Fasting and remembering Imam Hussein’s martyrdom are observed. Other Muslim sects fast and donate to Ashura, while Shi’a Muslims grieve and reenact the Battle of Karbala. 

Ashura commemorates Imam Hussein’s righteousness, sacrifice, and resistance.

Cultural Practices and Observances

Majlis and Mourning Gatherings

Muslim experts hold Majlis during Muharram to retell Karbala and inspire attendees. These gatherings are for spiritual reflection, communal bonding, and remembering Imam Hussein and his companions’ sacrifices.

Matam and Chest Beating

Matam, or chest-thumping, is done in some Shi’a communities to demonstrate grief and sympathy for Imam Hussein. This practice shows empathy for Karbala’s tragedies.

Noha and Marsiya

Muharram mourning poetry includes Noha and Marsiya. These elegies describe Karbala and evoke sorrow and devotion. Noha and Marsiya recitals let mourners release their emotions during Muharram.

Processions and Tazia

Muharram has Tazia processions. These processions carry symbolic tombs of Imam Hussein and his companions. Recitations, hymns, and chants accompany Tazia processions, decorated with vivid fabrics, flowers, and lights.

Sadaqa and Charity

Muslims donate (Sadaqa) during Muharram. This includes giving the needy food, clothing, and money. This month’s generosity reflects Muhammad and his companions’ compassion and selflessness.

Reflection and Self-Improvement

Muslims reflect during Al-Hijra/Muharram. Reflect on past mistakes, ask for pardon, and resolve to improve. Muslims try to develop their character, understanding of Islam, and relationship with Allah throughout the year.

The Universal Message of Al-Hijra/Muharram

Al-Hijra/Muharram’s message transcends religion. Karbala’s sacrifice, justice, and tenacity encourage people to fight oppression in their lives and society. Al-Hijra/Muharram promotes kindness, empathy, and morality.

Al-Hijra/Muharram shapes Islamic history. This month includes success and tragedy, from Muhammad’s journey to Karbala. Muslims worldwide commemorate previous sacrifices and seek spiritual renewal via spiritual reflection, generosity, and commemorative practices. 

Al-Hijra/Muharram inspires people to live by justice, resilience, and commitment and improve their communities. Al-Hijra/Muharram is a time to learn about Islamic history, unite, and find purpose and compassion.

Meet the author

Jane Parkinson

Jane Parkinson

Jane is one of our primary content writers and specialises in elder care. She has a degree in English language and literature from Manchester University and has been writing and reviewing products for a number of years.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the significance of Al-Hijra/Muharram in the Islamic calendar?

The Islamic lunar calendar begins with Al-Hijra/Muharram. It commemorates Muhammad’s travel from Mecca to Medina, a prominent Islamic event. Al-Hijra, the migration, established the first Islamic state and preserved the Muslim community. Muslims meditate on the sacrifices of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions during Al-Hijra/Muharram, emphasising persistence, faith, and tenacity. It is a month of new beginnings and recommitment to Islam.

Why is the Battle of Karbala significant during Al-Hijra/Muharram?

Al-Hijra/Muharram commemorates the 680 CE Battle of Karbala. Imam Hussein, the grandson of Muhammad, fought the Umayyad caliphate in this battle. Imam Hussein and his followers upheld justice and fairness despite overwhelming odds, even in death. Karbala’s events were intensely emotional and transforming, especially for Shi’a Muslims. Muharram commemorates the Battle of Karbala, which teaches sacrifice, commitment, and resistance to injustice.

How do Muslims observe Al-Hijra/Muharram?

Muslim rites mark Al-Hijra/Muharram. On Ashura, the 10th day of Muharram, they fast. Ashura commemorates Imam Hussein’s martyrdom at Karbala. Muslims also attend Majlis, when religious authorities preach about Karbala to encourage and educate the community. Muslims, especially Shi’as, carry Tazias, symbolic tombs of Imam Hussein and his companions, in processions. This month also sees funerals, elegies (Noha and Marsiya), and charity (Sadaqa). These practices encourage spirituality, unity, and introspection, connecting believers to Al-Hijra/Muharram’s history and values.

What lessons can be learned from Al-Hijra/Muharram?

Al-Hijra/Muharram has universal lessons. It stresses fighting oppression, supporting justice, and keeping faith in adversity. Karbala teaches us the importance of forsaking comfort for the greater good and staying faithful to truth and virtue. Al-Hijra/Muharram encourages people to examine their life, discover opportunities for improvement, and recommit to compassion, empathy, and resilience. It reminds us that fairness, integrity, and lofty ideas are timeless and universal ideals that can motivate people of various backgrounds to improve society.

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