When a spouse, relative or close family friend passes away, many people find that they are overwhelmed. Therefore, in this article we have set out the key issues that you need to deal with when dealing with a bereavement and also point you in the direction of people that can help you.
We hope that you find this helpful at what is undoubtedly a difficult time.
To assist you we have produced both an infographic that sets out the 21 steps you need to take once someone passes away. We have also written out in detail the steps you need to take beneath the graphic
We have set out below, in more detail, what the 21 steps involve.
Broadly the 5 areas that you need to attend to are:
Before you read about the necessary steps to take you may find it useful to watch this short video which talks you through the grief process and provides some helpful advice about dealing with it.
In order to officially register a death you need to arrange a face to face meeting with your local Registrar.
The government’s ‘Tell us Once’ service
Tell us Once is a government service that lets you report a death to most government organisations in one go, without the need to inform individual organisations separately.
When you come to register the death the registrar will:-
– let you know if the Tell us Once service is available in your area
– give you a telephone number you can call to make the notification
– give you a unique reference number to use in correspondence
Before you use Tell Us Once you will need the following details of the person who died:
You will also need the following information:
There are lots of things to consider when arranging the funeral. These include:
People who are struggling with this step may find contacting a bereavement support service to be of help.
There are several different types of bereavement services offering support for example with:
There are a number of important legal matters that you will need to deal with following someone’s death. The key areas are:
One of the first things that you need to do is find the Will, if there is one.
For a Will to be valid it must have been executed in accordance with strict rules.
These include the need for it to have been signed by the deceased in the presence of two independent witnesses i.e. people who are not benefiting under the terms of the Will. Where more than one Will is found it is the most recent one that will be valid.
If at first you can’t find a Will then you must continue to search extensively for one as it could quite easily be mislaid amongst other paperwork. You may also need to contact the deceased’s solicitor or bank in case they are storing the Will.
You can also search the government’s ‘Find a Will’ or Probate‘ site to see if a a Will has been registered.
In most cases you will need to obtain a Grant from the Probate Registry in order to be able to deal with the deceased’s estate.
Probate is the legal process whereby the deceased’s Will is proved by the Probate Registry,which then provides the authority – known as the Grant of Probate – to enable the executors to deal with the estate in accordance with the terms of the Will.
Where there is no valid Will, the deceased is said to have died “intestate” and the Probate Registry then provides authority – known as the Grant of Letters of Administration – for the administrators to deal with the estate in accordance with rules of intestacy.
If the estate is very small (worth less than £10,000) or if the deceased owned everything jointly with someone else then you may not need to obtain a Grant.
Before you can apply to the Probate Registry you will need to go through all of the deceased’s paperwork to establish details of the estate assets and liabilities.
This may involve obtaining valuations. You will then have to complete the detailed probate application and accompanying tax forms.
Here is a useful video that explains more about the legal process that you need to go through.
There are a number of financial issues that you need to go through, including:
In order to establish the estate assets it is necessary to contact all of the financial institutions that the deceased had accounts with.
It is important to check all the paperwork carefully and be prepared to do a little digging to make sure that everything is included and nothing overlooked.
The executor of the estate needs to collect all the assets and keep careful records of all monies received and paid out during the administration.
It is advisable for the executors to open a separate bank account for this either with their own bank or that of the deceased.
It may be that the deceased had various types of debts e.g. a mortgage, credit cards or bank loans.
It is important to track down all potential debts and take care of them as soon as possible, keeping a careful record for future reference purposes.
Executors should advertise for any unknown creditors to come forward and make their claim. This is done by placing advertisements in the London Gazette and also the local newspaper. This protects the executors from subsequently being personally liable for unidentified debts of the deceased of which they were previously unaware.
Before taking care of any outstanding debts, the executors should wait until all of the statutory notice periods have expired before making any payments out of the estate. Generally speaking this notice period is at least two months.
If the value of the deceased’s estate – including all their property, cash and possessions – is substantial and exceeds the current inheritance tax thresholds then the executor will have to pay inheritance tax.
The executors are responsible for making sure that the deceased’s tax affairs are fully finalised and that any outstanding tax is paid.
As well as inheritance tax this could also include income tax and capital gains tax. As this can be quite complex it may be necessary to obtain professional help to ensure that the executors themselves don’t become personally liable for any unpaid tax.
The Estate Accounts are a detailed and complete record of all the financial information relating to the deceased’s estate.
It is important to note that every single penny of the estate needs to be strictly accounted for as the executors have to be able to show that everything has been properly taken care of and in accordance with the terms of the Will. Otherwise the executors could face personal responsibility.
Before distributing the estate the executors must first ensure that all the outstanding debts and expenses are settled and that any tax liabilities are paid. They will also have to obtain approval of the accounts by the residuary beneficiaries
Only then are the executors free to distribute the estate amongst the beneficiaries, although it is usually advisable to wait until 6 months after the death before the final distribution.
It can take between 6-9 months receive your inheritance after probate has been granted.
It is necessary to make all enquiries possible to track down any missing beneficiaries. This may include advertising and instructing genealogists. If unsuccessful in locating a beneficiary it may be advisable to obtain appropriate insurance.
The share of any beneficiary who is under the age of eighteen will be held in a trust until their eighteenth birthday, or later if stipulated by the Will.
In the meantime the child’s inheritance is held and managed on their behalf by trustees.
If a beneficiary has died before the deceased then it may well be that the beneficiary’s own children will inherit in his place, but this is subject to the terms of the Will. Where a beneficiary dies during the course of the estate administration then his own estate will inherit.
Once the executors are sure that they have correctly identified all the beneficiaries before they can make any payment to them they need to be aware of the correct order of payment.
This is because whilst there may be sufficient funds to pay all the liabilities there may not be enough funds remaining to pay all of the beneficiaries in full. In this instance the executors must follow the correct procedure for the order of distribution.
Beneficiaries who have inherited substantial sums of money may require professional guidance e.g. regarding investment.
Help may therefore be needed in finding independent financial advisors for them . You can find financial advisors in our independent directory here.
The deceased person’s driving license needs to be returned to the DVLA and their passport sent back to the Passport Office. Other administrative tasks may include the cancellation of club or library memberships and bus passes.
Finally it is important for the executors to obtain receipts from all of the beneficiaries before closing the executor bank account. They should keep all records for at least one full year in case of any subsequent questions or queries arising. This is a good time to seek bereavement help to make sure that everything has been correctly executed.
As a next step, we would strongly advise that you visit Trust Inheritance as they can provide more detailed information on what we have outlined in this article.
For help and advice on dealing with the financial aspects, please have a look at Trust Inheritance’s 10 steps, which set out in more detail exactly what you need to do.